Discussion Questions on Historical Materialism and Gotha Program

1. Marx maintains in the "Preface" (at the end of the reader) that "Mankind thus inevitably only sets itself only such tasks as it is able to solve." What does this mean? How is it related to the third thesis on Feuerbach?

2. When, in Marx's opinion, is the distribution of the social product fair? Can wages under capitalism be fair? Is the main problem with capitalism an unfair distribution of income and wealth?

3. Marx maintains (GP p. 3) that rights always protect inequalities. Why? Is he right?

4. Why does Marx believe that communism will eventually be characterized by "From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs!" (GP, p. 3)? How could just a distribution be just? Shouldn't those who work harder get more of the social product?